NOWhereMonkey

Medications

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  • Offline TamiW
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Medications

« posted: 3 years ago »
This is just an early draft of the different medications that are frequently used for seahorses. I will update more with specifics of how to use each one as I'm able. If you think of any that aren't on the list, or want to add your treatment protocols, please reply to this thread and I'll work it into this list.

Antibiotics
The two most common bacterial infections in seahorses are Vibriosis and Mycobacteriosis. Unfortunately they are very difficult to treat, as most Vibrio spp. and Mycobacterium spp. have developed a resistance to commonly available antibiotics. For these difficult to treat diseases, your best hope is injectable prescription antibiotics. However, this requires a vet, and that is not always an option. If caught early, some infections do seem to respond to certain antibiotic bath treatments.

Prescription
Ceftazidime
Chloramphenicol
Enrofloxacin
Ciprofloxicin

OTC
Oxytetracycline
Tetracycline
Kanamycin
Gentamicin
Neomycin
TMP/SMZ
SMZ
Nitrofurans
Nalidixic Acid
Oxolinic Acid
Potassium Permanginate
Tuprim

Commercially Prepared Fish Medications
Furan II
TMP/SMZ
Triple Sulfa
Quick Cure
Metronidazole - antibiotic and effective against protozoans

Antiparasitics
Metronidazole - protazoans
Fenbendazole - nematodes
Flubendazole
TMP/SMZ - protazoans
Malachite Green
Formalin
Chloroquine - uronema
Quinine - uronema
Praziquantel - cestodes and trimatodes

Antifungals
Methylene Blue
Malachite Green
Pimafix warning
Furan II

Synergistic combinations
Furan II & Kanamycin
Kanamycin, Furan 2 & Metronidazole
Triple Sulfa and Kanamycin
Neomycin & Triple Sulfa

Tonics
Methylene Blue
Formalin
Vitamin C
B12
Melafix *
PimaFix *


OtherAcetazolamide (Diamox(tm)) - For treating the symptoms of gas bubble disease. Prescription.
Clove Oil - anesthetic
MS-222- anesthetic





*Melafix and Pimafix have very mixed results. Some people swear by them, others say that the oils bother seahorses unique lobed gills. If you must use, use with extreme caution.


The medications I'd make sure I had on hand are:

Furan II - antibiotic
Formalin - effective against ciliates and other external parasites
Diamox - treats gas bubble disease
Methylene blue - treats nitrite poisoning and ammonia burn

I also recommend having a catheter and syringe on hand in case of issues with tube feeding or pouch evacuations.

« Last Edit: 1 year ago by TamiW »

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  • Offline TamiW
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Re: Medications

« Reply #1 posted: 3 years ago »
Where to get these medications:
Non-prescription meds can be found at fish stores, online (http://www.nationalfishpharm.com/ has many) along with aquaculture supply companies. Amazon has a surprising number of fish antibiotics. Farm and Tractor supply companies carry some antibiotics.

If you're trying to get prescription medications from a vet, try one you know first. If that doesn't work, look for a vet that treats reptiles. If you're really lucky, you might find a vet that treats fish, but don't hold your breath. Sometimes you have to work to get past reception and explain what you're looking for. If you call and ask if they treat seahorses, many will turn you down without thinking about it. I've had better luck explaining what I'm looking for and getting the person engaged, even asking for an appointment just so I can explain what issue I'm having. It doesn't work with all vets, but many are willing to try to help. But reception can be difficult. :)
  • H. erectus, H. comes, H. kuda, H. zosterae, Doryrhamphus excisus, Bryx dunckeri, Corythoichthys flavofasciatus
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  • Offline suew
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Re: Medications

« Reply #2 posted: 3 years ago »
Hi Tami,

 Thanks for making up the medication list i have most but not all.But diamox was the hardest to get,i was lucky to go to see my vet he very kindy had a look at my list to see what he could get for me and diamox was on his list,i thought it may cost an arm & leg,but he was very good and only charged what he would have paid.

When i hear that some people have a problem in geting diamox i always say go to your vet and show them the list and say what its for,i find them most helpful.
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  • Offline TamiW
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Re: Medications

« Reply #3 posted: 3 years ago »
Yes Sue, you are 100% right. Diamox is hard to get. Even if a vet CAN prescribe it, they can be hesitant to because they don't know much about gas bubble disease or the medication itself. I frequently get mind from inhousepharmacy.biz. It may or may not be legal depending on the country you live in. I wrote more about it here and recommend anyone thinking of ordering it, read that page and consider any legal ramifications in your country. Most are pretty nominal if it's not a narcotic i.e. your package might be seized. But check to be sure. It takes 2-3 weeks to get to the states, so if you go that route, be sure to purchase in advance.

If you can get it from your vet, it is available as an injectable as well.

Sue, you bring up a really good point about vets - if possible, find a vet before you need a vet. Some charge the same rate that they do for bigger pets, but it's not unusual to hear vets that treat fish doing it for a much lower charge than they would other animals. If you find a vet that does this, they're above and beyond what most vets would do. To take that lower cost is really working for you at a loss on their part.
  • H. erectus, H. comes, H. kuda, H. zosterae, Doryrhamphus excisus, Bryx dunckeri, Corythoichthys flavofasciatus
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